So what does it mean to be hungry?
That’s a question that occurred to us as we read some encouraging news: The world isn’t as hungry as it used to be.
A U.N. report has noted that 795 million people were hungry in the year 2014. That’s a mind-boggling number. But in fact it’s 200 million lower than the estimated 1 billion hungry people in 1990.
The improvement is especially impressive because the world population has gone up by around 2 billion since the ’90s.
And the rate of hunger is also declining. Only 12.9 percent of the population in developing regions are hungry today, compared to 23.3 percent a quarter century ago.
Here’s a look at what hunger is like — and why it’s declining.
The Hungry Person’s Diet
The world’s hungry people consume fewer than the 2,000 or so daily calories the average person needs to survive (the amount varies based on age, gender and energy expended).
There are two reasons for this calorie deficit, says Pedro Sanchez, director of Agriculture and Food Security Center at Columbia University. There’s acute hunger: When sudden conflicts and disasters like a drought leave people starving.
That accounts for less than 10 percent of the hungry population, according to the World Food Program.
The more prevalent type is chronic hunger, which happens mainly in rural areas and among the poorest of the poor.
People who are chronically hungry do eat. But their diet tends to consist of food like cereal, corn, cassava and rice — high in calories and carbohydrates but not much else.
Even then, these people eat so little that the carbs barely fill their stomach with the calories they need. And they don’t eat the vegetables, meat, fish and/or dairy products that provide ample protein, vitamin A, zinc, iron and iodine, says Pedro Sanchez, director of Agriculture and Food Security Center at Columbia University.
Richard Amory of the North Texas Food Bank (and a member of the DCHS Leadership Team) discusses with Courtney Collins of KERA a large study that they have done with economists at SMU that shows a significant relationship between financial management skills/confidence and food security.
Listen to the radio interview here.
About 80 percent of Americans now live in urban areas, and more and more of us are growing food in cities as well.
But where’s an urban farmer to turn for a soil test or when pests infiltrate the fruit orchard?
Increasingly, they can turn to institutions that have been serving farmers in rural areas for more than 150 years: land-grant colleges and universities. From Cornell University to the University of Florida to Texas A&M, land grants dispense practical advice to farmers and hobby gardeners across the country.
The agricultural arms of these universities have historically focused on regions far from cities where the majority of our food is still grown. But their research on crop varieties, soil quality and pest resistance is just as relevant — and now in high demand — inside the city.
Just ask Mchezaji “Che” Axum, who runs a research farmfor the University of the District of Columbia, the only land-grant university in the country with an exclusively urban focus.
One of the central questions of urban agriculture is how to grow more food in less space. And so instead of vast fields testing dozens of varieties of wheat, Axum’s research farm has raised beds, narrow hoop houses and even a shipping container. He gives growers advice on where to buy decent soil or how to compost their own, in case the land they plan to grow on has a seedy industrial past.
He says urban farmers aren’t looking to grow one crop for a commodity market, but enough crops to replace a trip to the grocery store or to fill a small farm box for customers. They need to know a little about a lot of varieties in order to make the most of small growing spaces. And, often, it’s been a generation or two since anyone in their family has lived on a farm.
DALLAS (CBS 11 NEWS) – For about the price of a cup of gourmet coffee or a fast-food hamburger, you can feed a North Texas kid for the weekend.
This summer, the United Way of Metropolitan Dallas is launching its first-ever digital donation campaign called “Silence the Growl.”
The idea is to get as many $5 donations as possible, with each one buying enough food to feed a school-aged child for the weekend.
“Hunger is a critical issue. We should not have children worried about where their next meal is going to come from,” said United Way COO Susan Hoff.
During the school year, children receiving free and reduced breakfast and lunch don’t have to worry about meals during the daytime. But it’s a different story during the summer. When they should be playing and enjoying summer, many of them are thinking about food.
“It’s difficult. It’s upsetting when you think it’s going good for the month and then you run out of food,” said Jametria Glaspie, mother of four. Glaspie said she often struggles the last two weeks of the month to feed her daughter and three boys, as the food in her pantry, refrigerator and freezer runs low. “Sometimes when a child asks for more…when they want seconds or thirds, I am not going to deny that. But when you get to the end of the month and you start running out of food, it’s hard. It’s stressful.”
By Greg Sargent, in The Washington Post
The Baltimore riots have re-ignited the ideological wars over the efficacy of government spending to alleviate poverty, with Republicans who want to slash the budget seizing on images of urban chaos to argue that federal anti-poverty policy has been an abject failure at accomplishing its own goal. Paul Ryan suggests dumping more cash into the bottomless pit otherwise known as federal spending on the poor will only produce the “same failed result.”
But a new study being released today finds that the federal safety net may actually be doing more to alleviate poverty than previously thought. Thestudy, from the left-leaning Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, uses a new statistical technique to measure the impact of federal programs on the poverty rate, correcting for what it says are defects in previous accounting methods.
The study’s top-line finding is that in 2012, federal safety net programs cut the poverty rate by more than half, reducing it from 29.1 percent to 13.8 percent and lifting 48 million people above the poverty line, including 12 million children. Previous accounting had put the reduction at less than half.
The study seeks to make an important addition to a debate that has long bedeviled researchers: How to measure the impact of government on poverty. Republicans like Ryan tend to use the official poverty rate to gauge it. But as Dylan Matthews details, this excludes the impact of non-direct-cash-transfer federal programs, such as Medicaid, food and rental assistance, and lower-income tax relief, making it a rather useless metric. As Matthews notes, if you use the census-based Supplemental Poverty Measure, which does factor in such programs, you find government has helped to lift substantial numbers out of poverty.
Read the full article from Washington Post here.
WASHINGTON, April 15, 2015-Charity and nonprofit organizations dedicated to feeding the hungry testified Wednesday on how public-private partnerships can help their efforts during a House Agriculture Committeehearing.
Chairman Mike Conaway, R-Texas, said understanding how these organizations work with the government and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) can help in Congress’ effort to better target federal funding and reform SNAP. However, some Democrats on the committee insisted SNAP works the way it is, and anything that cuts the program further would hurt the nonprofits’ efforts.
Ranking Member Collin Peterson, D-Minn., said SNAP is a necessary supplement to the work of charitable organizations because “they do not have the funding, capacity or flexibility to fully replace SNAP, as some suggest.”
However, Conaway emphasized that “no one is talking about getting rid of SNAP.”
Conaway said he’s leading the committee on a two-year review of the food stamp program. “We want it to be better, and work for the taxpayer,” he said, noting that “SNAP benefits are designed to be supplemental, leaving households responsible for the remaining needs.”
SNAP, the largest part of the farm bill, cost about $74 billion in 2014 and served more than 46 million people each month. Before Congress passed the 2014 farm bill, the House attempted to separate SNAP from the rest of the bill’s titles, but the effort failed. Traditionally, the farm bill is structured with SNAP in order to gain support for all farm and food programs from both urban and rural representatives.
Rep. David Scott, D-Ga., commented on the possibility that this tactic may be tried again. “We cannot and will not separate the food stamp program from the farm bill. The food program is essential to the farm bill,” he said.
Read the full article on Agri-Pulse here.
During the past decade, it seems like every school has added a garden. Educators say the benefits range from kids learning about healthier food to improving their social and emotional health. In Grand Prairie, there’s an elementary school that goes way beyond the traditional school garden.
At Lorenzo de Zavala Environmental Science Academy, kids get quite the workout.
On this afternoon, fifth graders shovel soil delivered to the school. They drop it in buckets and a red wheel barrow. The buckets have a message printed in white letters that reads, “Let’s Do This.” This is not a job for the weary.
“Ladies, bring that bucket right there. We’ll fill that one, and then we can carry three buckets and the wagon, and you guys pull the wagon,” says Amanda Rodriguez, the environmental sciences coordinator.
Most of the elementary schools in Grand Prairie have gardens. But here, at Lorenzo’s Garden, kids and adults maintain 29 raised beds, a growing dome, which is kind of like a greenhouse, a chicken coop and a butterfly sanctuary.
“A lot of kids don’t know that your vegetables don’t come from cans or freezer bags or off a number 1 menu or a number 2 menu,” says Sammy Wren, environmental science teacher. “They’ve learned that it comes from the ground and they grow it from a seed or they grow it from a plant.”
To read the full story from KERA, click here.
Abigail Heaton, a Stewpot social worker for about 12 years, sees firsthand the healing power of gardening. After working with the downtown Dallas resource center’s clients — homeless and at-risk women, men and children — Heaton describes in metaphors how cultivating plant life can help humans blossom.
Certified in horticultural therapy, Heaton, 34, considers the new Encore Park Community Garden, across the street from the Stewpot, an important tool in the care of approximately 300 people who go in and out of the center’s doors each day.
“What happens when you neglect yourself?” she imagines herself saying to a client who has neglected to keep his vegetable plants watered.
About composting green scraps from the nearby Bridge Homeless Assistance Center’s kitchen, where Stewpot clients get meals, Heaton, manager of casework services, might explain: “You take garbage and turn it into something that is valuable.” Responsibility, caring for resources, putting fresh food in one’s body and just a peaceful few moments inhaling the scents of healthy, warm soil, perfumed flowers and herbs’ fragrant foliage are benefits Heaton and her cohort expect their clients to reap.
The project, five years in the making, had its first Stewpot plot planted last week. Before the transplants went into the ground, a handful of people gathered for the weekly garden club meeting. Anyone who was interested in participating, including Stewpot clients and garden volunteers, was welcome to attend. The club meets every Thursday morning for a round-table discussion of the garden’s needs as well as progress reports. Participants one week may not show up the next, but Heaton expects that.
“It’s not a typical garden club,” Heaton says. “People are mostly interested in food. We start every meeting with a snack.”
At the initial meeting, Heaton passed around clementines. “Take one, eat it and save the peel to put into the compost pile.” While the 10 participants ate the juicy citrus, they took turns sharing their given names (and in some cases their street names) and hearing about the 4-inch transplants that had been distributed to each person in the room.
Edible herbs are to go into the first plot set aside for the Stewpot. Heaton encourages pinching leaves and taking whiffs as each species is passed around the table. Like a teacher, she gently encourages the gardeners-to-be to voice knowledge or opinions.
“When you’re stressed,” Heaton says, “you go out to the herb garden and smoosh some leaves between your fingers. Herbs don’t mind being pinched.”
“It makes you smile when you smell it,” says Freddie Jefferson, a member of nearby First Presbyterian Church, which established the Stewpot in 1975. He is one of the first to rent a 4-by-4-foot plot in the new community garden.
While the eventual goal is to have a quarter of the plots leased to Stewpot clients (underwritten, if needed, by donations to pay a $25 deposit and the annual $75 space fee), the remainder of the 88 raised beds may be leased by Stewpot volunteers, First Presbyterian members and downtown residents. There are 25 plots not yet spoken for.
To read the whole article, click here.
From the Washington Post:
Want to see a look of pure hatred? Pull out an EBT card at the grocery store.
Now that my kids are grown and gone, my Social Security check is enough to keep me from qualifying for government food benefits. But I remember well when we did qualify for a monthly EBT deposit, a whopping $22 — and that was before Congress cut SNAP benefits in November 2013. Like 70 percent of people receiving SNAP benefits, I couldn’t feed my family on that amount. But I remember the comments from middle-class people, the assumptions about me and my disability and what the poor should and shouldn’t be spending money on.
Anger toward those living below the poverty line seems to only be increasing. Maine and Missouri have proposed bills limiting residents’ food choices if they use SNAP. Missouri House Bill 813 would bar the state’s 930,000 food stamp recipients from using their benefits to buy cookies, chips, soda, energy drinks, steak and seafood. (The legislature also implemented mandatory drug testing for TANF applicants in 2011.) If the bill becomes law, a Missourian can’t buy a can of tuna with an EBT card. Tortilla chips to go with salsa? Nope. Flank steak — tough, stringy and the only cut of beef I can afford — is off-limits, too. Who are these people, and what makes them think that what we eat is their business? And given that the average food stamp allotment in my state in 2013 came out to just $1.41 per person per meal, I wonder if they understand that recipients couldn’t buy lobster if they wanted to.
Read the full article here.